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拉動式生產方式是什么?

發表時間:2019-11-13 11:44:14

一、看板拉動式生產方式概述


  KANBANLADONGSHISHENGCHANSHIFENGTIANSHENGCHANMOSHILIANGDAZHIZHUZHIYI“ZHUNSHISHENGCHAN,JIT(Just In Time)”DEYISHIXIANDEJISHUCHENGZAI。ZHEYESHIDAYENAIYIPINGJIECHAOQUNDEXIANGXIANGLI,CONGMEIGUOCHAOSHISHOUHUOFANGSHIZHONGJIEJIANDAODESHENGCHANFANGFA。XIANGDUIYUGUOQUDETUIDONGSHENGCHANZHONG,QIANYIZUOYEJIANGLINGJIANSHENGCHANCHULAI“TUIGEI”HOUYIZUOYEJIAGONG,ZAILASHISHENGCHANZHONG,SHIHOUYIZUOYEGENJUXUYAOJIAGONGDUOSHAOCHANPIN,YAOQIUQIANYIZUOYEZHIZAOZHENGHAOXUYAODELINGJIAN。“KANBANGUANLI”JIUSHIZAIGEGEZUOYEZHIJIANCHUANDIZHEZHONGXINXI、YUNYINGZHEZHONGXITONGDEGONGJU。


  YUKANBANLADONGSHISHENGCHANXIANGDUIYINGDESHITUIJINSHISHENGCHAN(Push Production)。ZAITUIJINSHISHENGCHANZHONG,MEIYIGONGXUDOUGENJUSHENGCHANJIHUA,JINQISUONENGDISHENGCHAN,JINKUAIWANCHENGSHENGCHANRENWU,BUGUANXIAYIGONGXUDANGSHISHIFOUXUYAO。CHUANTONGDESHENGCHANXITONGYIBANWEITUIJINSHISHENGCHAN,TUIJINSHISHENGCHANJIANGZAOCHENGWUPINDEDUIJI。


二、精益生產在我國汽車行業實踐中存在的問題


  1989NIAN,MEIGUOMASHENGLIGONGXUEYUANFABIAOLE“GAIBIANSHIJIEDEJIQI”DEZHUMINGBAOGAO,ZONGJIELEFENGTIANJINGYISHENGCHANFANGSHI,ZHICHUTADEZHONGDALISHIYIYI,BINGBARIBENQUDECHENGGONGDESHENGCHANFANGSHICHENGWEIJINGYISHENGCHAN。JINGYISHENGCHANDEJIBENMUDESHI,YAOZAIYIGEQIYELITONGSHIHUODEJIGAODESHENGCHANLV、JIJIADECHANPINZHILIANGHEHENDADESHENGCHANROUXING;XIAOCHUJIAZHILIUZHONGDEYIQIEQIDALANGFEI。


手机购彩官网  JINGYISHENGCHANTIXIDEJIEGOUKEYIJIANSHUWEI:YIGEJICHU、QIGEZHICHENGHEZHUIQIUQIGE“LING”DEJIXIANMUBIAO。

  YIGEJICHU:JIYI5SWEIGUANLISHOUDUANDELIANGHAOXIANCHANGJICHU。SUOWEI5S,JIZHENGLI、ZHENGDUN、QINGSAO、QINGJIEHESUYANG。


  七個支撐:

    (1)SHENGCHANDEKUAISUHUANCHAN(SMED)YUWEIHUTIXI;

手机购彩官网    (2)JINGYIPINZHIBAOZHENGYUFANGCUOZIDONGHUATIXI;

手机购彩官网    (3)ROUXINGHUASHENGCHANTIXI;

手机购彩官网    (4)JUNHENGHUAHETONGBUHUATIXI;

    (5)XIANCHANGZUOYEIEYANJIUTIXI;

    (6)SHENGCHANSHEJIYUGAOXIAOWULIUTIXI;

    (7)CHANPINKAIFASHEJITIXI。


  七個極限目標:

手机购彩官网    (1)LINGQIEHUANDIAOZHENG;

手机购彩官网    (2)LINGKUCUN;

    (3)LINGLANGFEI;   

手机购彩官网    (4)LINGBULIANGSHENGCHAN;

手机购彩官网    (5)LINGZHUANGBEIGUZHANG;    

    (6)LINGSHENGCHANTINGZHI;

手机购彩官网    (7)LINGANQUANSHIGU。


手机购彩官网  RIBENQICHEYEYUNYONGFENGTIANJINGYISHENGCHANFANGSHI,ZHONGYUCHAOYUEMEIGUO,YIYUECHENGWEISHIJIEDIYIDAQICHESHENGCHANGUO。MEIGUOTONGGUODUIRIBENCHENGGONGJINGYANDERENZHENZONGJIEHETILIAN,ZAISHIJIANZHONGXUEXIJINGYISHENGCHANFANGSHI,YEQUDELEJIAODADECHENGGONG,1990NIANQIZAIBEIMEIDESHICHANGFENEZHONGYUCHAOGUOLERIBEN。


  JINGYISHENGCHANZUOWEIYIZHONGXINDESHENGCHANGUANLIMOSHI,ZAIGUOWAIQICHEZHIZAOYEYINGYONGDECHENGGONG,YINFALEGUONEIQIYEDEXINGQU,FENFENKAISHIXUEXIHECHANGSHIJINGYISHENGCHANGUANLIFANGSHI。RUDONGFENGQICHEJITUAN、YIQIJITUAN、YUEJINQICHEJITUANDENG。DANSHIGUONEIQICHEZHIZAOYE,DUIJINGYISHENGCHANDEYIZHIHEYINRUCUNZAIYIDINGDEPIANMIANXING,CHUXIANLERUXIADEWENTI:


手机购彩官网  (1)JINZAIZHENGCHEZHUANGPEICHANGBUFENSHIXIANLEKANBANGUANLIQUHUOZHI,DUIXIAYOULINGBUJIANCHANGDESHENGCHANGUANLIBINGWEIZUOGENGSHENDEKUOZHANHETUIJIN。JIJINTUICHULEGONGCANGUANDEYANGBANCHANGHUOYANGBANCHEJIAN。


手机购彩官网  (2)LINGBUJIANCHANGDESHENGCHANGUANLIDUOSHUYIRANCAIYONGCHUANTONGDEFANGSHILAIBAOZHENGMANZUZHENGCHECHANGDEXUQIU,QUEFAJINYIBUGAISHANSHENGCHANGUANLIDEDONGLI,YINCILANGFEIYIRANDALIANGCUNZAI。


  (3)QIYEBINGMEIYOUCONGWANSHANZHENGGEJIAZHILIUCHUFALAIZHUSHOUTUIJINJINGYISHENGCHAN,ERJINSHIYIZHONGGUANLIGONGJUXINGSHISHANGDEGAISHAN(RUYOUDEQIYEJIUSHIZENGJIALEYIXIEYAOHUOKANBAN)。


手机购彩官网  (4)MANGMUZHAOBANGUOWAIJINGYISHENGCHANDEFANGFAHEXINGSHI,DAOZHILEGUANLIWENLUAN。


  (5)QIYEDUIKAIZHANJINGYISHENGCHANDEJIANJINXINGHECHIJIUXINGRENSHIBUZU。


三、適應我國汽車制造業的需求看板拉動式生產管理


  JINGYISHENGCHANSHIYIZHONGDUIYUANGONGSUZHI、QIYEGUANLISHUIPINGJIYINGJIANZHUANGBEIYAOQIUJIAOGAODEYIZHONGXIANJINDEGUANLIFANGSHI,DANSHIWOGUOQICHEZHIZAOYECONGGUANLISHUIPINGDAOYUANGONGSUZHIPUBIANJICHUJIAOBORUO,YINCI,WOMENYINGGAIJIEHEZIJIDEXIANZHUANG,YIJINGYISIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,TUIJINSHIHEZISHENDESHENGCHANZUZHIFANGSHI。YAOXUNQIUYIZHONGNIUDAI,LIZUYUXIANZHUANG,TONGGUOCHIXUBUDUANDIGAISHANLAIZHUBUDADAOJINGYISHENGCHANFANGSHI。ZHEZHONGNIUDAIJIUSHIXUQIUKANBANLADONGSHISHENGCHANGUANLI。


手机购彩官网  SUOWEIXUQIUKANBANLADONGSHISHENGCHANFANGSHI,SHIZAICHUBEIYIDINGDECHENGPINHEGONGXUZAIZHIPINDETIAOJIANXIA,GENJUXUQIUYOUHOUXIANGQIANCENGCENGLADONGMEIDAOGONGXUSHENGCHAN,CONGERDADAOANSHIANLIANGTIGONGSUOXUCHANPIN。XUQIUKANBANLADONGSHISHENGCHANFANGSHISHIYIJINGYISIXIANGWEIZHIDAODE,ZHISHITALIZUYUGUOQIDESHIJI,YUNXUSHELIYOUSHAOLIANGANQUANDEKUCUNHEZAIZHIPINCHUBEI,ZHILIANGKONGZHIDABIAOSHI3XIGEMABIAOZHUN。XUQIUKANBANLADONGSHISHENGCHANSHIJINGYISHENGCHANDECHUJIJIEDUAN,TONGGUOXUQIUKANBANLADONGSHISHENGCHANLAICUJINQIYEGEGEHUANJIEBUDUANGAISHANCONGERDADAOJINGYISHENGCHANDEMUBIAO,SHIGUONEIQICHEZHIZAOQIYESHISHIJINGYISHENGCHANDEBIJINGZHILU。


手机购彩官网  XUQIUKANBANLADONGSHISHENGCHANYIZHUNSHIHUASHENGCHANWEIHEXIN,YIJIANGDICHENGBEN、CHIXUGAISHANHETIGAOWEIMUBIAO,TONGGUOXUQIUKANBANLADONGSHIZUZHIFANGSHIDESHIXIANLAIZHUBUXIAOCHUWUXIAOSHENGCHAN,YASUOKUCUNCHUBEI,JIANGDISHENGCHANCHENGBEN,GENGJIAJISHIHEYOUXIAODIMANZUSHICHANGXUQIUDEBIANHUA,BUDUANGAIJINHEWANSHANXITONGYUNXINGFANGSHI,CONGERZHUBUDADAOJINGYISHENGCHANDEYAOQIU。


四、需求看板拉動式生產管理的實施準備和支撐體系


  (一)需求看板拉動式生產方式的實施準備


手机购彩官网  1、SIXIANGZHUANHUANZHUNBEI。XUQIUKANBANLADONGSHISHENGCHANFANGSHIYIJINGYISIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,YINCIYAOSHISHITUIJIN,BIXUXIANZUOSIXIANGSHANGDEZHUANBIANZHUNBEI。GUOYOUQIYEXIGUANLEJIHUAJINGJIMOSHIXIADESHENGCHANGUANLI,CONGSHENGCHANDAOCAIGOUXIGUANLEDABAODALAN,YINCIBIXUDUIYUANGONGSHENZHIBAOKUOYIXIEZHUYAOGUANLIRENYUANJINXINGJINGYISIXIANGDEPEIXUN,BANGZHUTAMENZHUANBIANSIXIANGGUANNIAN,TONGGUOZUZHIZHUANTIXUEXI、TAOLUNDENGXINGSHIJIANGJINGYISIXIANGCHUANDAHEGUANSHUGEIMEIWEIYUANGONG。WOMENDONGFENGQICHEXUANJIADANHUANGGONGSITONGGUOGONGSIHEBUMENLIANGJIXUEXIHETAOLUNDEFANGSHI,ZAIQUANGONGSIKAIZHANLEJINGYISIXIANGDEXUANCHUANHEXUEXI;TONGGUOGEDANWEIMEIZHOUDEBUWUHUIHEBANZUHUIXINGCHENGZHIDUHUADEXUEXIFANGSHI,ZUZHIXIANGGUANGUANLIRENYUANJIZHONGXUEXIJINGYISHENGCHANYEWUZHISHI,CUJINYUANGONGSIXIANGGUANNIANDEZHUANBIAN。


手机购彩官网  2、XIANCHANGGAISHANZHUNBEI。XUQIUKANBANLADONGSHISHENGCHANGUANLIXUYAOJIBENLIANGHAODEXIANCHANGZUOWEIJICHUZHICHENG,YINCIZAIJUEDINGSHISHIQIANBIXUYAODUIXIANCHANGJINXINGBIYAODEZHENGDUNHEGUIFANGUANLI。WOMENGONGSISHIYIXIANCHANGDEDINGZHIGUANLI、WULIUDEGUIFANHEKUCUNDEYASUOLAIQIERUDE:ZHONGXINHUAFENZHUYAOZAIZHIPINQUYU,SHIXINGDINGZHIGUANLI;ANMUSHIHUAYAOQIUGENGXINGONGWEIQIJU,GUIFANWULIUCHENGXU;GUIFANXIANCHANGGELEIZUOYEWENJIANHEZHILIANGJILU;YASUOCHENGPINKUCUNHEGONGXUZAIZHIPINDENG,CONGERSHIXIANCHANGDADAOZHENGJIEGUIFAN。


  (二)需求看板拉動式生產管理的支撐體系


  1、XIANCHANGZHICHENG。YIGEJIBENLIANGHAODEXIANCHANGSHISHISHIQIANDEBIYAOZHUNBEI,YESHIBAOZHENGXITONGNENGCHIXUYUNXINGDEBIYAOZHICHENG,XIANCHANGDEWUXUHEHUNLUANSHIBIYINGXIANGXUQIUKANBANLADONGSHIXITONGDEYUNXINGHEXIAOGUO。XUQIUKANBANLADONGSHISHENGCHANFANGSHIDUIXIANCHANGDEGUANLIZHUYAOSHITONGGUO“5SGUANLI”FANGSHILAIDADAODE。


  2、ZHILIANGZHICHENG。LIANGHAODECHANPINZHILIANGKEYISHISHENGCHANXITONGJIANKANGGAOXIAODEYUNZHUAN。TONGGUOSHISHIISO9001HEQS9000ZHILIANGBIAOZHUN,LUOSHIBIAOZHUNTIXIYAOQIU,LVXING“YUFANGWEIZHU,CHIXUGAIJIN”HE“YICIZUOHAO”DEYUANZE,QIESHITIGAOCHANPINDESHIWUZHILIANG,CONGERGENGYOUXIAODIMANZUGUKEDEYAOQIU。


手机购彩官网  3、ZHUANGBEIZHICHENG。YOUXIAODEZHUANGBEIBAOZHENGZHIJIEJUEDINGLEXUQIUKANBANLADONGSHISHENGCHANXITONGDESHISHIXIAOGUO。TONGGUOQUANMIANSHENGCHANGUANLIDUIZHUANGBEIJINXINGQUANYUANDEGUANLIHEWEIHU,BIANCHUANTONGDEQIANGXIUSHIGUANLIWEIYUJIANXIUSHIGUANLI,DUIGUZHANGJIAYIFENXIHEKONGZHI,TIGAOZHUANGBEIDUISHENGCHANDEBAOZHENGZUOYONG,BUJINKEYIYOUXIAOMANZUCHANPINZHUNSHIJIAOFU,GENGKEYIDADAJIANGDISHENGCHANCHENGBEN。


五、看板拉動式生產的目標


手机购彩官网    ?DUJUEXIALIEGEXIANGLANGFEI:BANYUNLANGFEI、KUCUNLANGFEI、GUOSHICHANPIN、XIULI、FANGONG、SHEBEI、SHESHI、DUOYUCUNHUO(BAOKUOZHENGZAIJIAGONGDECHANPINJICHENGPIN)

    ?JIANGDIZHIZAOCHENGBENHEGUANLICHENGBEN

手机购彩官网    ?SUODUANCONGTOUCHANDAOCHANPINJIAOFUDEZHENGGEZHIZAOZHOUQI 

    ?MUSHIHUAGUANLIYIQIEZIYUAN

    ?TIGONGGUANLIYUPINGHENGWULIUDEFANGFA