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看板管理---掌控生產現場

發表時間:2019-10-31 14:22:06

JIT生產方式是以降低成本為基本目的,在生產系統的各個環節全面展開的一種使生產有效進行的新型生產方式。JIT又采用了看板管理工具,看板猶如巧妙連接各道工序的神經而發揮著重要作用。電子看板優點:形象、簡潔、清晰、明確。


1.看板管理的概念


手机购彩官网KANBANGUANLIFANGFASHIZAITONGYIDAOGONGXUHUOZHEQIANHOUGONGXUZHIJIANJINXINGWULIUHUOXINXILIUDECHUANDI。JITSHIYIZHONGLADONGSHIDEGUANLIFANGSHI,TAXUYAOCONGZUIHOUYIDAOGONGXUTONGGUOXINXILIUXIANGSHANGYIDAOGONGXUCHUANDIXINXI,ZHEZHONGCHUANDIXINXIDEZAITIJIUSHIKANBAN。MEIYOUKANBAN,JITSHIWUFAJINXINGDE。YINCI,JITSHENGCHANFANGSHIYOUSHIYEBEICHENGZUOKANBANSHENGCHANFANGSHI。


YIDANZHUSHENGCHANJIHUAQUEDINGYIHOU,JIUHUIXIANGGEGESHENGCHANCHEJIANXIADASHENGCHANZHILING,RANHOUMEIYIGESHENGCHANCHEJIANYOUXIANGQIANMIANDEGEDAOGONGXUXIADASHENGCHANZHILING,ZUIHOUZAIXIANGCANGKUGUANLIBUMEN、CAIGOUBUMENXIADAXIANGYINGDEZHILING。ZHEXIESHENGCHANZHILINGDECHUANDIDOUSHITONGGUOKANBANLAIWANCHENGDE。


2.看板與MRP的關系


手机购彩官网SUIZHUXINXIJISHUDEFEISUFAZHAN,DANGQIANDEKANBANFANGSHICHENGXIANCHUZHUJIANBEIDIANNAOSUOQUDAI。MRPXITONGJIUSHIJIANGJITSHENGCHANZHIJIANDEKANBANYONGDIANNAOLAIDAITI,MEIYIDAOGONGXUZHIJIANDOUJINXINGLIANWANG,ZHILINGDEXIADA、GONGXUZHIJIANDEXINXIGOUTONGDOUTONGGUODIANNAOLAIWANCHENG。


MUQIANGUONEIYOUHENDUOQIYEDOUZAITUIXINGMRP,DANZHENZHENGHUODECHENGGONGDEQUEHENSHAO,QIZHONGDEZHUYAOYUANYINJIUSHIQIYEZAIMEIYOUSHIXINGJITDEQINGKUANGXIAJIUZHIJIETUIXINGMRP。SHIJISHANG,MRPZHIBUGUOSHIYIZHONGJIANGZHONGDUOFUZADESHOUGONGCAOZUODIANNAOHUADERUANJIAN,SUIRANNENGGOUDADATIGAOSHENGCHANXIAOLV,DANSHIBINGBUNENGCHULIJITSUOTICHUDEYIXIEGUANNIANHEFANGFA。YINCI,MRPJINJINSHIYIGEGONGJU,BIXUJIANLIZAITUIXINGJITDEJICHUZHISHANG。RUGUOQIYEMEIYOUTUIXINGJITJIUQUZHIJIESHIYONGMRP,NEIZHIHUILANGFEISHIJIANHEJINQIAN。


3.看板的機能


KANBANZUICHUSHIFENGTIANQICHEGONGSIYU20SHIJI50NIANDAICONGCHAOJISHICHANGDEYUNXINGJIZHIZHONGDEDAOQISHI,ZUOWEIYIZHONGSHENGCHAN、YUNSONGZHILINGDECHUANDIGONGJUERBEICHUANGZAOCHULAIDE。JINGGUOJIN50NIANDEFAZHANHEWANSHAN,MUQIANYIJINGZAIHENDUOFANGMIANDOUFAHUIZHUZHONGYAODEJINENG。


生產及運送工作指令


SHENGCHANJIYUNSONGGONGZUOZHILINGSHIKANBANZUIJIBENDEJINENG。GONGSIZONGBUDESHENGCHANGUANLIBUGENJUSHICHANGYUCEJIDINGHUOERZHIDINGDESHENGCHANZHILINGZHIXIADADAOZONGZHUANGPEIXIAN,GEDAOQIANGONGXUDESHENGCHANDOUGENJUKANBANLAIJINXING。KANBANZHONGJIZAIZHUSHENGCHANHEYUNSONGDESHULIANG、SHIJIAN、MUDEDI、FANGZHICHANGSUO、BANYUNGONGJUDENGXINXI,CONGZHUANGPEIGONGXUZHUCIXIANGQIANGONGXUZHUISU。  


手机购彩官网ZAIZHUANGPEIXIANJIANGSUOSHIYONGDELINGBUJIANSHANGSUODAIDEKANBANQUXIA,YICIZAIQUQIANYIDAOGONGXULINGQU。QIANGONGXUZEZHISHENGCHANBEIZHEXIEKANBANSUOLINGZOUDELIANG,“HOUGONGXULINGQU”JI“SHISHISHILIANGSHENGCHAN”JIUSHITONGGUOZHEXIEKANBANLAISHIXIANDE。   


防止過量生產和過量運送


KANBANBIXUANZHAOJIDINGDEYUNYONGGUIZELAISHIYONG。QIZHONGDEGUIZEZHIYISHI:“MEIYOUKANBANBUNENGSHENGCHAN,YEBUNENGYUNSONG。”GENJUZHEYIGUIZE,GEGONGXURUGUOMEIYOUKANBAN,JIUJIBUJINXINGSHENGCHAN,YEBUJINXINGYUNSONG;KANBANSHULIANGJIANSHAO,ZESHENGCHANLIANGYEXIANGYINGJIANSHAO。YOUYUKANBANSUOBIAOSHIDEZHISHIBIYAODELIANG,YINCIYUNYONGKANBANNENGGOUZUODAOZIDONGFANGZHIGUOLIANGSHENGCHAN、GUOLIANGYUNSONG。


進行“目視管理”的工具


手机购彩官网KANBANDELINGYITIAOYUNYONGGUIZESHI“KANBANBIXUFUZAISHIWUSHANGCUNFANG”、“QIANGONGXUANZHAOKANBANQUXIADESHUNXUJINXINGSHENGCHAN”。GENJUZHEYIGUIZE,ZUOYEXIANCHANGDEGUANLIRENYUANDUISHENGCHANDEYOUXIANSHUNXUNENGGOUYIMULERAN,HENRONGYIGUANLI。ZHIYAOTONGGUOKANBANSUOBIAOSHIDEXINXI,JIUKEZHIDAOHOUGONGXUDEZUOYEJINZHANQINGKUANG、BENGONGXUDESHENGCHANNENGLILIYONGQINGKUANG、KUCUNQINGKUANGYIJIRENYUANDEPEIZHIQINGKUANGDENG。  


改善的工具


手机购彩官网KANBANDEGAISHANGONGNENGZHUYAOTONGGUOJIANSHAOKANBANDESHULIANGLAISHIXIAN。KANBANSHULIANGDEJIANSHAOYIWEIZHUGONGXUJIANZAIZHIPINKUCUNLIANGDEJIANSHAO。RUGUOZAIZHIPINCUNLIANGJIAOGAO,JISHISHEBEICHUXIANGUZHANG、BULIANGCHANPINSHUMUZENGJIA,YEBUHUIYINGXIANGDAOHOUGONGXUDESHENGCHAN,SUOYIRONGYIYANGAIWENTI。ZAIJITSHENGCHANFANGSHIZHONG,TONGGUOBUDUANJIANSHAOSHULIANGLAIJIANSHAOZAIZHIPINKUCUN,JIUSHIDESHANGSHUWENTIBUKENENGBEIWUSHI。ZHEYANGTONGGUOGAISHANHUODONGBUJINJIEJUELEWENTI,HUANSHISHENGCHANXIANDE“TIZHI”DEDAOLEJIAQIANG。


4.看板操作的使用規則


KANBANSHIJITSHENGCHANFANGSHIZHONGDUJUTESEDEGUANLIGONGJU,KANBANDECAOZUOBIXUYANGEFUHEGUIFAN,FOUZEJIUHUIXIANRUXINGSHIZHUYIDENITAN,QIBUDAOYINGYOUDEXIAOGUO。GAIKUODIJIANG,KANBANCAOZUOGUOCHENGZHONGYINGGAIZHUYIYIXIASHIYONGYUANZE:MEIYOUKANBANBUNENGSHENGCHANYEBUNENGBANYUN,KANBANZHINENGLAIZIHOUGONGXU,QIANGONGXUZHINENGSHENGCHANQUZOUDEBUFEN,QIANGONGXUANSHOUDAOKANBANDESHUNXUJINXINGSHENGCHAN,KANBANBIXUHESHIWUYIQIYIJIBUBABULIANGPINJIAOGEIHOUGONGXU。


5.看板的種類


手机购彩官网KANBANDEBENZHISHIZAIXUYAODESHIJIAN,ANXUYAODELIANGDUISUOXULINGBUJIANFACHUSHENGCHANZHILINGDEYIZHONGXINXIMEIJIETI,ERSHIXIANZHEYIGONGNENGDEXINGSHIKEYISHIDUOZHONGDUOYANGDE。KANBANZONGTISHANGFENWEISANDALEI:CHUANSONGKANBAN、SHENGCHANKANBANHELINSHIKANBAN。


工序內看板


手机购彩官网GONGXUNEIKANBANSHIZHIMOUGONGXUJINXINGJIAGONGSHISUOYONGDEKANBAN。ZHEZHONGKANBANYONGYUZHUANGPEIXIANYIJIJISHISHENGCHANDUOZHONGCHANPINYEBUXUYAOSHIZHIXINGDEZUOYEGENGHUANSHIJIAN(ZUOYEGENGHUANSHIJIANJIEJINYULING)DEGONGXU,LIRUJIJIAGONGGONGXUDENG。


信號看板


手机购彩官网XINHAOKANBANSHIZAIBUDEBUJINXINGCHENGPISHENGCHANDEGONGXUZHIJIANSUOSHIYONGDEKANBAN。LIRUSHUZHICHENGXINGGONGXU、MODUANGONGXUDENG。XINHAOKANBANGUAZAICHENGPIZHIZUOCHUDECHANPINSHANG,DANGGAIPICHANPINDESHULIANGJIANSHAODAOJIZHUNSHUSHIZHAIXIAKANBAN,SONGHUIDAOSHENGCHANGONGXU,RANHOUSHENGCHANGONGXUANGAIKANBANDEZHISHIKAISHISHENGCHAN。LINGWAI,CONGLINGBUJIANCHUKUDAOSHENGCHANGONGXU,YEKELIYONGXINHAOKANBANLAIJINXINGZHISHIPEISONG。


工序間看板


手机购彩官网GONGXUJIANKANBANSHIZHIGONGCHANGNEIBUHOUGONGXUDAOQIANGONGXULINGQUSUOXUDELINGBUJIANSHISUOSHIYONGDEKANBAN。DIANXINGDEGONGXUJIANKANBAN,QIANGONGXUWEIBUJIAN1#XIAN,BENGONGXUZONGZHUANG2#XIANSUOXUYAODESHIHAOMAWEIA232-60857DELINGBUJIAN,GENJUKANBANJIUKEDAOQIANYIDAOGONGXULINGQU。


外協看板


WAIXIEKANBANSHIZHENDUIWAIBUDEXIEZUOCHANGJIASUOSHIYONGDEKANBAN。DUIWAIDINGHUOKANBANSHANGBIXUJIZAIJINHUODANWEIDEMINGCHENGHEJINHUOSHIJIAN、MEICIJINHUODESHULIANGDENGXINXI。WAIXIEKANBANYUGONGXUJIANKANBANLEISI,ZHISHI“QIANGONGXU”BUSHINEIBUDEGONGXUERSHIGONGYINGSHANG,TONGGUOWAIXIEKANBANDEFANGSHI,CONGZUIHOUYIDAOGONGXUMANMANWANGQIANLADONG,ZHIZHIGONGYINGSHANG。YINCI,YOUSHIHOUQIYEHUIYAOQIUGONGYINGSHANGYETUIXINGJITSHENGCHANFANGSHI。


臨時看板


LINSHIKANBANSHIZAIJINXINGSHEBEIBAOQUAN、SHEBEIXIULI、LINSHIRENWUHUOXUYAOJIABANSHENGCHANDESHIHOUSUOSHIYONGDEKANBAN。YUQITAZHONGLEIDEKANBANBUTONGDESHI,LINSHIKANBANZHUYAOSHIWEILEWANCHENGFEIJIHUANEIDESHENGCHANHUOSHEBEIWEIHUDENGRENWU,YINERLINGHUOXINGBIJIAODA。


6.看板的使用方法  


KANBANYOURUOGANZHONGLEI,YINERKANBANDESHIYONGFANGFAYEBUJINXIANGTONG。RUGUOBUZHOUMIDEZHIDINGKANBANDESHIYONGFANGFA,SHENGCHANJIUWUFAZHENGCHANGJINXING,WOMENCONGKANBANDESHIYONGFANGFASHANGKEYIJINYIBULINGHUIJITSHENGCHANFANGSHIDEDUTEXING。ZAISHIYONGKANBANSHI,MEIYIGECHUANSONGKANBANZHIDUIYINGYIZHONGLINGBUJIAN,MEIZHONGLINGBUJIANZONGSHICUNFANGZAIGUIDINGDE、XIANGYINGDERONGQINEI。YINCI,MEIGECHUANSONGKANBANDUIYINGDERONGQIYESHIYIDINGDE。


工序內看板的使用方法


手机购彩官网GONGXUNEIKANBANDESHIYONGFANGFAZHONGZUIZHONGYAODEYIDIANSHIKANBANBIXUSUISHIWU,JIYUCHANPINYIQIYIDONG。HOUGONGXULAILINGQUZHONGJIANPINSHIZHAIXIAGUAZAICHANPINSHANGDEGONGXUNEIKANBAN,RANHOUGUASHANGLINGQUYONGDEGONGXUJIANKANBAN。GAIGONGXURANHOUANZHAOKANBANBEIZHAIXIADESHUNXUYIJIZHEXIEKANBANSUOBIAOSHIDESHULIANGJINXINGSHENGCHAN,RUGUOZHAIXIADEKANBANSHULIANGBIANWEILING,ZETINGZHISHENGCHAN,ZHEYANGJIBUHUIYANWUYEBUHUICHANSHENGGUOLIANGDECUNCHU。


信號看板的使用方法


手机购彩官网XINHAOKANBANGUAZAICHENGPIZHIZUOCHUDECHANPINSHANGMIAN。RUGUOGAIPICHANPINDESHULIANGJIANSHAODAOJIZHUNSHUSHIJIUZHAIXIAKANBAN,SONGHUIDAOSHENGCHANGONGXU,RANHOUSHENGCHANGONGXUANZHAOGAIKANBANDEZHISHIKAISHISHENGCHAN。MEIYOUZHAIPAIZESHUOMINGSHULIANGZUGOU,BUXUYAOZAISHENG?


工序間看板的使用方法


手机购彩官网GONGXUJIANKANBANGUAZAICONGQIANGONGXULINGLAIDELINGBUJIANDEXIANGZISHANG,DANGGAILINGBUJIANBEISHIYONGHOU,QUXIAKANBAN,FANGDAOSHEZHIZAIZUOYECHANGDIDEKANBANHUISHOUXIANGNEI。KANBANHUISHOUXIANGZHONGDEGONGXUJIANKANBANSUOBIAOSHIDEYISISHI“GAILINGJIANYIBEISHIYONG,QINGBUCHONG”。XIANCHANGGUANLIRENYUANDINGSHILAIHUISHOUKANBAN,JIZHONGQILAIHOUZAIFENSONGDAOGEGEXIANGYINGDEQIANGONGXU,YIBIANLINGQUXUYAOBUCHONGDELINGBUJIAN。


外協看板的使用方法


WAIXIEKANBANDEZHAIXIAHEHUISHOUYUGONGXUJIANKANBANJIBENXIANGTONG。HUISHOUYIHOUANGEXIEZUOCHANGJIAFENKAI,DENGGEXIEZUOCHANGJIALAISONGHUOSHIYOUTAMENDAIHUIQU,CHENGWEIGAICHANGXIACISHENGCHANDESHENGCHANZHISHI。ZAIZHEZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,GAIPICHANPINDEJINHUOZHISHAOJIANGHUIYANCHIYIHUIYISHANG。YINCI,XUYAOANZHAOYANCHIDEHUISHUFAXINGXIANGYINGDEKANBANSHULIANG,ZHEYANGJIUNENGGOUZUODAOANZHAOJITJINXINGXUNHUAN。


7.用看板組織生產的過程  


JIT是拉動式的生產,通過電子看板來傳遞信息,從最后一道工序一步一步往前工序拉動。例如生產過程共有三道工序,從第三道工序的入口存放處向第二道工序的出口存放處傳遞信息,第二道工序從其入口存放處向第一道工序出口存放處傳遞信息,而第一道工序則從其入口存放處向原料庫領取原料。這樣,通過看板就將整個生產過程有機的組織起來。